Facing Prostate Cancer
The most common cancer in men and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality is prostate cancer. A malignant tumor that starts in the prostate gland is called prostate cancer. Localized prostate cancers, another name for early prostate cancers, are malignancies that are restricted to the prostate. Many of these early cancers show no symptoms and may not progress to more severe stages of the disease. Prostate cancers can, nevertheless, develop and spread to the tissues surrounding the prostate.
WHAT IS PROSTATE GLAND?
The prostate gland runs through the urethra, sits beneath the bladder, and resembles a chestnut. The primary job of the prostate is to produce seminal fluid, which is the liquid in semen that aids in the support, protection, and movement of sperm.
WHAT IS THE SYMPTOM OF PROSTATE CANCER?
- Weak or interrupted urine flow
- The urge to urinate frequently at night
- Frequent urination
- Pain or burning during urination
- Pain during ejaculation
- Blood in urine or semen
HOW IS PROSTATE CANCER DIAGNOSED?
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) antigen
A kind of protein secreted by prostate tissue that is detected in greater quantities in a man's blood when his prostate is acting abnormally, such as in cases of prostate cancer, benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), or prostatitis (prostate inflammation). A PSA test can identify prostate cancer if it finds higher-than-normal PSA levels.
- Digital rectal examination (DRE)
Checks for any anomalies on the prostate's surface.
- Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
Using sound waves that reflect off the prostate, a probe that was implanted into the rectum captures an image of the prostate.